To read the first part of the article click on the beginner's DIY e-liquid guide.
So if a shop sells a 70% VG / 30% PG / 0.6% Nic base, you can also end up with the same result by mixing in a 10 ml bottle 7 ml of 0.6% Nic pure VG and 3 ml of 0.6% Nic pure PG. Gradually experimenting with the VG to PG ratios is going to allow you to understand how vapor production and flavor work and find a perfect balance for your vaping needs.
For instance 40% VG / 60% PG is going to give you a lot more flavor, but the e-liquid is going to be a lot thinner (which can produce atomizer gurgling) and the vapor production is not going to be that intense. On the other hand a 90%VG / 10% PG, depending on the situation can result in a very thick e-liquid that can be responsible for dry hits and the premature failure of the atomizer resistance (this is why a few predominantly VG bases also have a 5% water concentration, just to make the it thinner). But be careful, if you need to use water in your base, you should only use distilled water that is found in pharmacies.
You can check out for instance this 100% VG Base, which you can mix together with a 100% PG Base and some nicotine and reach your favorite concentration. You can also check out this 70/30 VG to PG base.
Next in line are the flavors, which usually come in 10ml bottles and are concentrated aromas of the products that a company is selling. On each site or on the bottles there are recommendations on the ratios that need to be mixed with the base in order to enjoy the same quality as store bought e-liquids. Usually the ratio is 10-20% flavor and the rest is the VG/PG base. However, the great thing about DIY e-liquids is that you can increase or decrease the flavor or even combine a couple of them to create your own signature cocktail.
Syringes are essential when mixing the ingredients together and you will need a couple of them. Usually between 5ml and 10ml are more than enough for home-made e-liquids and they are not that expensive or hard to find. Depending on the concentration, you will need to measure each ml of the flavoring or the base and this is why a syringe is the best tool for the process.
Last but not least, plastic or glass bottles are essential for storing and preparing the final products. These need to have dropper caps so you can pour the e-liquid inside the tank afterwards. If not, you could always improvise with the syringe or a manual dropper. 10ml bottles are the best for your first experiments because it’s very easily to calculate the ratios. If you buy the VG and PG separately then you will also need a spare 10ml or 100ml bottle to correctly reach the VG/PG ratio you are looking for.
As a tip, you should try finding a site that sells all of these items (there are a few online) so you won’t have to pay separately for shipping.
So let’s say you have decided to go for a 70/30 PG/VG 1.2% nicotine base and a flavor that requires a 10% concentration. First do the math and calculate the necessary ratios, depending on the type of bottle you have ready. If you have a 10ml bottle, then 10% means 1ml, so you will need 9ml of the base and 1ml of the flavoring. If you have a 30ml bottle then 10% means 3ml, so you will need 27ml of the base and 3ml of the flavoring. Check out a wide range of empty DIY e-liquid bottles.
You can easily measure with a syringe the amount of base and the amount of flavoring and then mix them together in the bottle with the cap on. Then comes a very important step called steeping and this involves leaving the bottles in a cool and dry place and daily shaking them and refreshing the air inside the plastic or glass containers. Depending on the flavor this requires from a few hours to a couple of days and it can definitely improve the final result.
The key to finding the optimal balance between VG / PG / Nicotine / and Flavoring is experimenting and now that you know how to do it, you’re in for a big surprise and a noticeable upgrade in the way you vape. I really hope you found this info interesting and is you have any questions, don’t hesitate to comment or ask me a question.